Wet Electricity

National Atlas of the United States:

  • About 52 percent of fresh-water and about 96 percent of saline-water are used by power plant cooling towers.
  • Irrigation accounts for about a third of water use and is currently the largest use of fresh water.
  • Homes and business use 11 percent.
  • Water for smelting, refineries, chemical, food and paper uses 5 percent.
  • Livestock, aquaculture, and mining activities require about 3 percent of total water.