Healthcare industry prices rise rapidly. Medical bankruptcies increase.
Illness and medical bills contribute to a large and increasing share of US bankruptcies.
Using a conservative definition, 62.1% of all bankruptcies in 2007 were medical; 92% of these medical debtors had medical debts over $5000, or 10% of pretax family income. The rest met criteria for medical bankruptcy because they had lost significant income due to illness or mortgaged a home to pay medical bills.
Most medical debtors were well educated, owned homes, and had middle-class occupations. Three quarters had health insurance.
Using identical definitions in 2001 and 2007, the share of bankruptcies attributable to medical problems rose by 49.6%. In logistic regression analysis controlling for demographic factors, the odds that a bankruptcy had a medical cause was 2.38-fold higher in 2007 than in 2001.